Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
NCEO has developed more than 50 FAQs that address commonly asked questions. To find FAQs on a specific topic, click on the topic name on the left-hand side of this page. FAQs can also be found on NCEO webpages.
AA-AAS | Participation
Alternate assessments are used to ensure educational accountability for all students with disabilities. When students are excluded from the state assessment, the reporting of test results is incomplete and cannot be considered when decisions are made about how to improve programs. Also, the excluded students may be denied educational opportunities available to other students.
Alternate assessment participants are those students with significant cognitive disabilities who are unable to participate in regular assessments even with accommodations. The few students who have significant cognitive disabilities may be assessed on the grade-level content with different achievement standards to define proficiency. This assessment is called the alternate assessment based on alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS), or increasingly simply the alternate assessment. English learners (ELs) with significant cognitive disabilities are among the students who should participate in alternate assessments.
ELs with significant cognitive disabilities also may participate in an alternate assessment of English language proficiency (ELP).
The basis for decisions about participation in assessments should not be the category of a student's disability, the settings in which the student receives instruction, or the percentage of time a student spends in particular classroom settings. Many states have guidelines that help in deciding which assessment option is the best for an individual student.