Assessments

Assessments are used in educational settings to evaluate whether students have the knowledge and skills deemed important for them. Assessments may take many forms, from large-scale national, statewide, and district assessments, to classroom assessments.

Educational assessments may serve several purposes. Some focus on accountability for the system, educators, or students. Others focus on instructional decision making.

Most students with disabilities, English learners (ELs), and ELs with disabilities will participate in the same general assessments as their peers. Some students with disabilities may participate in alternate assessments. ELs, including those with disabilities, also participate in assessments of English language proficiency (either general ELP assessments or alternate ELP assessments).

It is important to develop these assessments with a universal design process and other accessibility considerations in mind. Doing so will ensure valid assessment results for all students, including students with disabilities, ELs, and ELs with disabilities.

Related Publications

NCEO Data Analytics: State Assessment Participation and Performance of Students with IEPs 2013-2014 (#5)

Formats: Online

NCEO Reports: Providing English Language Development Services to English Learners with Disabilities: Approaches to Making Exit Decisions (NCEO Report 404)

Formats: Online , PDF

Variables Used by States in the Calculation of Annual Measureable Achievement Objectives (AMAOs) for Title III Reporting

Formats: PDF

NCEO APR Snapshot Briefs: 2013-2014 APR Snapshot #12: AA-AAS Participation and Performance (#12)

Formats: Online

NCEO APR Snapshot Briefs: 2013-2014 APR Snapshot #11: Assessment Accommodations Use by Students Receiving Special Education Services (#11)

Formats: Online

CCSSO Accessibility Manual: How To Select, Administer, And Evaluate Use Of Accessibility Supports For Instruction And Assessment Of All Students

Formats: Word

Forum on Common Language for States and Assessment Vendors

Formats: PDF

NCEO APR Snapshot Briefs: 2013-2014 APR Snapshot #10: State Assessment Participation and Performance of Students Receiving Special Education Services (#10)

Formats: Online

NCEO Reports: 2015-16 High School Assessment Accommodations Policies: An Analysis of ACT, SAT, PARCC, and Smarter Balanced (#403)

Formats: Online , PDF

NCEO Reports: A Summary of the Research on the Effects of Test Accommodations: 2013-2014 (#402)

Formats: Online , PDF

White Paper on Common Accessibility Language for States and Assessment Vendors

Formats: PDF

NCEO Reports: Principios y Características de Sistemas Inclusivos de Evaluación en un Escenario de Evaluación Cambiante (#400 Spanish)

Formats: Online , PDF

NCEO APR Snapshot Briefs: 2011-2012 APR Snapshot #9: AA-AAS Participation and Performance (#9)

Formats: Online

NCEO APR Snapshot Briefs: 2011-2012 APR Snapshot #8: Assessment Accommodations Use by Students Receiving Special Education Services (#8)

Formats: Online

Lessons Learned About Assessment from Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in College and Career Ready Assessments

Formats: PDF

NCEO Data Analytics: State and National Demographic Information for English Learners (ELs) and ELs with Disabilities, 2012-13 (#4)

Formats: Online

NCEO Reports: Principles and Characteristics of Inclusive Assessment Systems in a Changing Assessment Landscape (#400)

Formats: Online , PDF

NCEO Reports: 2013-14 Publicly Reported Assessment Results for Students with Disabilities and ELLs with Disabilities (#401)

Formats: Online , PDF

White Paper on English Language Learners with Significant Cognitive Disabilities

Formats: PDF

Lessons Learned About Instruction from Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in College and Career Ready Assessments

Formats: PDF

Forum on Implementing Accessibility Frameworks for ALL Students

Formats: PDF

NCEO State Surveys: 2014 Survey of States: Initiatives, Trends, and Accomplishments

Formats: Online , PDF

NCEO Brief: Making Accessibility Decisions for ALL Students (#11)

Formats: Online , PDF

NCEO Technical Reports: 2012-13 Publicly Reported Assessment Results for Students with Disabilities and ELLs with Disabilities (#70)

Formats: Online , PDF

NCEO APR Snapshot Briefs: 2011-2012 APR Snapshot #7: State Assessment Participation and Performance of Students Receiving Special Education Services (#7)

Formats: Online

NCEO Synthesis Reports: Computer-Based Testing: Practices and Considerations (#78)

Formats: Online , PDF