Assessments are used in educational settings to evaluate whether students have the knowledge and skills deemed important for them. Assessments may take many forms, from large-scale national, state, and districtwide assessments, to classroom assessments.
Most students with disabilities, English learners, and English learners with disabilities will participate in the same general assessments as their peers. Some students with disabilities may participate in alternate assessments based on alternate academic achievement standards (AA-AAAS). English learners, including those with disabilities, also participate in assessments of English language proficiency (ELP) (either general ELP assessments or alternate ELP assessments).
It is important to develop these assessments with a universal design process and other accessibility and accommodation considerations in mind. Doing so will ensure valid assessment results for all students, including students with disabilities, English learners, and English learners with disabilities.