K-12 students with disabilities, English learners (ELs), and ELs with disabilities participate in state assessment systems. Most of these students take the same general assessment that has been created for fluent English speaking students without disabilities, but some students with significant cognitive disabilities and ELs with significant cognitive disabilities take an alternate assessment.
Federal laws require that the general assessment measures student achievement of grade-level academic content standards in reading, mathematics, and science at specific grade levels. Scores show what students at a particular grade level are expected to know and how well schools are helping them learn the knowledge and skills contained in the standards.
Quick Links to the General Assessment Consortia: