Federal laws require states to guarantee that students with disabilities, English learners (ELs), and ELs with disabilities participate in state assessment systems. Most students participate in the general assessment. Laws also require separate public and federal reporting for students with disabilities and ELs in comparison to their peers. Federal laws do not explicitly require reporting of data on ELs with disabilities for the general assessment.
At this time, most states publish public reports on the general assessment participation and performance of the overall student population and of subgroups, such as ELs and students with disabilities. Reports are usually available on state department of education websites. They include, as required by federal law, the number of students who took the general assessment, along with student scores. They also include the number of students who took the general assessment with accommodations.
ELs with disabilities are included in these reports under the subgroups of ELs and students with disabilities, but only a few states report the participation and performance of ELs with disabilities as a separate subgroup.
States are required to report assessment data for students with disabilities and ELs separately to the federal government as a condition of receiving federal funds. They must report the progress they intend to make toward established achievement targets. State reports to the federal government also describe how states plan to improve student participation and performance in state assessments.
Detailed data on general assessment participation and performance are submitted to the U.S. Department of Education by states online via a tool called EdFacts.