Horvath, L. S., Kampfer-Bohach, S., & Kearns, J. F. (2005). The use of accommodations among students with deafblindness in large-scale assessment systems . Journal of Disability Policy Studies , 16 (3), 177–187. https://doi.org/10.1177/10442073050160030501

Journal Article

Horvath, L. S., Kampfer-Bohach, S., & Kearns, J. F. (2005). The use of accommodations among students with deafblindness in large-scale assessment systems. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 16(3), 177–187. https://doi.org/10.1177/10442073050160030501

Tags

Elementary; High school; Middle school; Multiple accommodations; Multiple ages; Multiple disabilities; Student survey; Teacher survey; U.S. context; Visual impairment (including blindness)

Summary

Accommodation

This study sought to describe the use of accommodations by students with deaf blindness, both in the general curriculum and during statewide assessments, in order to illustrate how policy affects practice.

Participants

Nine students with deafblindness in grade 4, grade 7, grade 8, and grade 9 who attended school in three states in the Southeast (U.S.) participated. Additional demographic and other data, including age, gender, vision and hearing conditions, and academic placement, were reported for each participant.

Dependent Variable

Researchers interviewed the students, their parents, and relevant school personnel. The participants were also observed on two occasions and accommodations use data were recorded. State policies were also examined as a point of comparison.

Findings

Three major findings to emerge were that (a) students were provided accommodations that were not specifically tailored to their needs; (b) self-determination among students with deaf-blindness was not actively observed in the classroom; and (c) there was a lack of congruence among accommodations used in class, during assessment, and among those documented on the IEP or 504 Plan.