Trimble, S. (1998). Performance trends and use of accommodations on a statewide assessment: Students with disabilities in the KIRIS on-demand assessment from 1992–93 through 1995–96 (Maryland/Kentucky Report 3). University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. https://nceo.info/Resources/publications/OnlinePubs/MDKY3.html
Maryland/Kentucky Report 3
The analysis was designed to display the relationship between accommodation use and performance over time (4 years) and across various accommodations (singly or in combination with each other): reader/oral (read-aloud), scribe/dictation, cueing, paraphrasing, sign interpreting, and technological.
Participants for this analysis included approximately 4,000 students with disabilities who participated in each of three grades (4, 8, and 11) in the Kentucky statewide assessment system.
The major dependent variables were: type of accommodation implemented; classification of the student into one of four levels of proficiency in math, social science, and science; level on an equated scale score in math, social science, and science. Extant state assessment data from the KIRIS (Kentucky Instructional Results Information System) was used.
Data indicate that students with disabilities are improving at a very rapid rate, particularly in some grades. The gap separating them from general education students is closing. The percentages of students participating in the statewide test increases over time but decreases over grades. The percentages of students receiving accommodations is quite high (62% in grade 11 and 84% in grade 4). The performance of students with disabilities was lower than the performance of students in general education yet the impact on the total grade level outcome was minimal given they represented only 10% of the population. In only 4 of 104 uses of accommodations was the performance of students higher than the performance of the total group (with paraphrasing and dictation). In some cases, performance is lower with the use of accommodations than with no use.